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庫克:科技行業“不可避免”面臨監管

作者:admin

來源:

2018-11-22 16:47

Apple’s chief executive Tim Cook said new regulations for the tech industry are “inevitable“ in the wake of a series of scandals, rejoining a debate that is intensifying along with political pressure on the company’s rival, Facebook.

蘋果(Apple)首席執行官蒂姆?庫克(Tim Cook)稱,在發生一系列丑聞之后,科技行業“不可避免“面臨新的監管。在競爭對手Facebook面臨的政治壓力日漸加劇之際,蘋果再次加入這場辯論。
In an interview to be aired on Sunday, Mr Cook said “the free market is not working“ and politicians will step in.
在周日播出的一次采訪中,庫克表示,“自由市場沒有起到作用“,政客們將介入。


His comments come amid simmering tension between Apple and Facebook. Earlier this week, Facebook was accused of using underhand tactics as it struggled to contain the fallout from Russian interference on the social network and controversy over the leak of user data to Cambridge Analytica, the research firm.
庫克的此番言論是在蘋果與Facebook之間不斷升溫的緊張氣氛中發表的。上周早些時候,Facebook被控使用陰招遏制俄羅斯干預其社交網絡所引發的沖擊波,以及泄露用戶數據給研究公司劍橋分析(Cambridge Analytica)所引發的爭議。
Facebook’s actions, reported by the New York Times, included contracting with Definers, a Republican-leaning consultancy, which attempted to smear competitors and opponents on its behalf.
據《紐約時報》(New York Times)報道,Facebook的行為包括與傾向共和黨的咨詢公司Definers簽約,后者試圖為其詆毀競爭對手和反對者。
In an interview with the Axios website taped before those revelations which will be broadcast on HBO on Sunday night, Mr Cook said the tech industry should embrace regulation.
定于周日晚間在HBO播出的Axios網站對庫克的采訪,是在這些爆料前錄制的。他表示,科技行業應該接受監管。
“Generally speaking, I am not a big fan of regulation,“ he said. “I’m a big believer in the free market. But we have to admit when the free market is not working. And it hasn’t worked here. I think it’s inevitable that there will be some level of regulation . . . I think Congress and the administration at some point will pass something.“
“一般而言,我不是監管的粉絲,“他說。“我信奉自由市場。但我們必須承認自由市場沒有起到作用的情況。科技行業的現實就是自由市場沒有起到作用。我認為某種程度的監管在所難免……我相信國會和行政當局遲早會通過一些法案。“
A Definers’ affiliate called NTK Network posted dozens of articles blasting Apple and Google for “unsavoury business practices“, including calling Mr Cook hypocritical for criticising Facebook over privacy, it was reported.
據報道,Definers旗下一家名為NTK Network的子公司發表了數十篇文章,抨擊蘋果和谷歌(Google)“的商業行為令人厭惡“,包括稱庫克在隱私問題上批評Facebook是虛偽的。
Definers told the NYT that their work on Apple was funded by a different technology company. Facebook has denied it paid Definers to smear anyone and cancelled its contract with the company.
Definers告訴《紐約時報》,他們對蘋果的攻擊是由另一家科技公司資助的。Facebook否認曾花錢指使Definers詆毀他人,并終止了與該公司的合同。
Facebook was also reported to have told employees to ditch their iPhones for Android alternatives. Facebook said this was because Android is the largest global operating system.
報道還稱,Facebook要求員工放棄使用iPhone,轉而使用安卓(Android)手機。Facebook表示,這是因為安卓是全球最大的操作系統。
Mr Cook has tried to put clear water between Apple, which makes most of its money from selling hardware, and advertising-based tech platforms, particularly Facebook, on the issue of privacy.
庫克試圖在隱私問題上將蘋果(其大部分利潤來源于硬件銷售)與以Facebook為代表的基于廣告的技術平臺劃清界限。
“This is not a matter of privacy versus profits, or privacy versus technical innovation. That’s a false choice,“ he told Axios.
“這不是隱私或利潤二選一,或者隱私與技術創新二選一的問題。這不是一道虛假選擇題。“庫克對Axios說。
US politicians have been discussing how to regulate tech companies for the last two years on issues that vary widely, including privacy, political advertising and competition concerns.
過去兩年來,美國的政界人士一直在討論如何監管科技企業,涉及的問題各有不同,包括隱私、政治廣告及競爭擔憂等。

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